Bud Williams Stockmanship
1519 E Erie St, Apt #206
Springfield, MO 65804
Yes, you have our permission to reprint any of the articles we have on our website. Sorry, I don’t know of any scientific material that has documented the stress on livestock that are being worked with a dog. Our personal experience has been that at GOOD dog calms livestock down
To expand on Bud’s statement about placing livestock and have them stay where you want them to without the use of fences: The traditional way of driving livestock is to get behind them and force or frighten them to move away, hopefully in the direction you want them to go.